Make your own free website on Tripod.com
"); document.writeln("
"); document.writeln("Name: " + studentName + "
"); document.write("Score: " + numCorrect + " / " + numPossible + " points (" + scorePercent + "%)"); if (numSubjective > 0) { document.write("     [" + numSubjective + " open-ended "); if (numSubjective == 1) document.write("question"); else document.write("questions"); document.write(" not graded]"); } document.writeln("


"); document.writeln("
" + titleString + "

"); document.writeln(""); currentInstruction = 0; currentNarrative = 0; for (i=0; i < numQuestions; ++i) { if (currentInstruction < numInstructions) { if (instructionIndex[currentInstruction] == i) { document.writeln(""); ++currentInstruction; } } if (currentNarrative < numNarratives) { if (narrativeIndex[currentNarrative] == i) { document.writeln(""); ++currentNarrative; } } document.writeln(""); document.writeln(""); document.writeln(""); document.writeln(""); } document.writeln("

"); document.writeln(instructionText[currentInstruction]); document.writeln("
 
"); document.writeln("
"); document.writeln(narrativeText[currentNarrative]); document.writeln("
 
"); document.writeln("

" + prefixText[i] + "

 " + numberText[i] + " 

" + questionText[i]); document.writeln("

"); document.writeln(""); if (listMap.charAt(i) != "1") { document.writeln(""); document.writeln(""); } document.writeln(""); document.writeln(""); document.writeln(""); document.writeln(""); if (showFeedback && feedbackText[i] != null) { document.writeln(""); document.writeln(""); } if (showRef) { document.writeln(""); document.writeln(""); } document.writeln("

RESPONSE: 

" + responseText[i] + "

ANSWER: 

" + answerText[i] + "

POINTS: 

" + scoreDetails[i] + "

FEEDBACK: 

" + feedbackText[i] + "

REF: 

" + refText[i] + "

"); document.writeln("
 
"); document.writeln("
"); document.writeln(""); document.writeln(""); document.write(""); document.writeln("
 
"); document.writeln("Retake Test
"); document.writeln(""); document.writeln(""); document.close(); return(false); } function BuildPrefixText(answerIndex, responseText, isCorrect) { var text; var listIndex; text = "" if (isCorrect) text += "" else text += "" if (listMap.charAt(answerIndex) == "1") { if (responseText.length == 0) responseText = " "; text += "  " + responseText + " "; } text += "" return(text); } function TranslateHtmlString(text) { var newText; var replaceString; var position; var length; var breakPos; var skipExtra; var i; newText = ""; position = 0; length = text.length; while (position < length) { skipExtra = 0; breakPos = -1; for (i=position; i < length && breakPos < 0; ++i) { switch(text.charAt(i)) { case '>': replaceString = ">"; breakPos = i; break; case '<': replaceString = "<"; breakPos = i; break; case '&': replaceString = "&"; breakPos = i; break; case '\r': if ((i + 1) < length && text.charAt(i + 1) == '\n') skipExtra = 1; replaceString = "
"; breakPos = i; break; case '\n': replaceString = "
"; breakPos = i; break; case ' ': if ((i + 1 < length) && text.charAt(i + 1) == ' ') { replaceString = " "; breakPos = i; } break; } } if (breakPos < 0) { newText += text.substring(position, length); position = length; } else { if (breakPos > position) newText += text.substring(position, breakPos); newText += replaceString; position = breakPos + 1 + skipExtra; } } return(newText); } function GetFeedback(text, index) { var list = text.split("\t"); if (index >= 0 && index < list.length) return(list[index]); return(""); } function TranslateAnswer(s, answerIndex) { return(s); } function ScoreAnswer(answerIndex, responseText, pointsPossible) { var answerText = TranslateAnswer(ansMap[answerIndex], answerIndex); var qtype = qtypeMap.charAt(answerIndex); var nrExactMatch = false; var result = new Array(); result.numPoints = 0; result.isCorrect = false; if (qtype == "3" && answerText.substring(0, 2) == "p:") { answerText = answerText.substr(2); if (responseText.toUpperCase() == answerText.toUpperCase()) result.isCorrect = true; else result.numPoints = MultiResponseCompare(responseText, answerText, pointsPossible); } else if (qtype == "6") { if (answerText.substring(0, 2) == "==") { answerText = answerText.substr(2); nrExactMatch = true; } if (NumericCompare(responseText, answerText, nrExactMatch)) result.isCorrect = true; } else if (qtype == "7") { if (CompletionCompare(responseText, answerText)) result.isCorrect = true; } else if (responseText.toUpperCase() == answerText.toUpperCase()) result.isCorrect = true; if (result.isCorrect) result.numPoints = pointsPossible; return(result); } function StripSpaces(s) { var len; var i; len = s.length; for (i=len - 1; i >= 0 && s.charAt(i) == " "; --i) len = i; if (len == 0) s = ""; else if (len != s.length) s = s.substring(0, len); return(s); } function MultiResponseCompare(responseText, answerText, pointsPossible) { } function NumericCompare(response, answer, exactMatch) { } function CompletionCompare(responseText, answerText) { return(false); } function FixMTF(f) { } function FixMR(f) { } function AllowReset() { return(window.confirm("Do you want to clear all of your answers?")); } function Restart() { if (AllowReset()) { document.TestForm.onreset = function() { }; document.TestForm.reset(); document.TestForm.onreset = function() { AllowReset(); }; } } // -->
 
Name: 
 

112 Final



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

Bernini's Baldacchino serves both functional and symbolic purposes. It provides a dramatic and compelling visual presentation for the interior of St. Peter's. Which of the following is also one of the symbolic purposes of the Baldacchino?
a.
The columns invoke the past.
b.
The columns reiterate the promise of Salvation.
c.
The columns visually state the wealth of the Church.
d.
The columns invoke the theme of Redemption.
 

 2. 

Bernini's statue of David differs from previous generations of this depiction. His David seems to be moving through time and space. Which of the following would support this description?
a.
The pivoting motion of the figure implies the movement through space and time.
b.
The figure's upright stance implies movement through space and time.
c.
The crouching figure implies movement through space and time.
d.
The action of raising the sling above his shoulder implies movement.
 

 3. 

Caravaggio's Conversion of St. Paul presents the same dynamic emotion and dramatic religious fervor with the use of eloquent pictorial devices and stage lighting in much the same way as in which of the following works of art?
a.
Bernini's Ecstasy of St. Teresa
b.
Carracci's Flight into Egypt
c.
Velásquez's Water Carrier of Seville
d.
Rembrandt's Return of the Prodigal Son
 

 4. 

As part of his training in art Annibale Carracci received instruction in the classical and Renaissance traditions as well as anatomy studies and life drawing. Which of the following styles would describe the style of Carracci?
a.
a more naturalistic style
b.
a strictly Renaissance style
c.
a more classically ordered style
d.
a more experimental style
 

 5. 

The ceiling fresco for Gran Salone in the Palazzo Barberini in Rome is a visual eulogy to the family. The papal tiara and keys seen in the fresco announce the personal triumph of a family member. Who is that family member?
a.
Alexander VII
b.
Leo III
c.
Gregory VII
d.
Urban VIII
 

 6. 

Velásquez held the titles of First Painter to the King and which of the following?
a.
Manager of the Stables
b.
Treasurer of the Escorial
c.
Curator of the Escorial
d.
Chief Steward of the Palace
 

 7. 

Which city has been generally credited with the birth of the Baroque style?
a.
Madrid
b.
Seville
c.
Rome
d.
Florence
 

 8. 

The Roman Catholic response to the Reformation was formulated at which of the following?
a.
Council of Trent
b.
Convocation of Rome
c.
Council of Toledo
d.
Council of Westphalia
 

 9. 

José de Ribera was most strongly influenced by the work of which of the following artists?
a.
Annibale Carracci
b.
Caravaggio
c.
Guido Reni
d.
Bernini
 

 10. 

Which of the following artists most influenced the work of Artemisia Gentileschi?
a.
Annibale Carracci
b.
Guido Reni
c.
Bernini
d.
Caravaggio
 

 11. 

The gallery ceiling in the Palazzo Farnese in Rome was arranged as framed easel paintings. Who was the artist?
a.
Guido Reni
b.
Annibale Carracci
c.
Caravaggio
d.
Artemisia Gentileschi
 

 12. 

During the 17th century the worldwide market place was rapidly changing. By establishing a system that allowed merchant firms to hold money on account, traders no longer had to carry precious metals as a form of payment for trade goods. Which of the following describes this new system?
a.
transfer merchandizing
b.
International Company of Bankers
c.
transfer banking
d.
Bank of Genoa
 

 13. 

In Rembrandt's Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, he has clustered the participants on the left side and has placed Dr. Tulp on the right side with the diagonally placed foreshortened corpse disrupting the strict horizontal, planar orientation. This is in sharp contrast to which of the following traditions of group portraiture?
a.
The subjects were placed evenly across the canvas
b.
Group portraits of professional organizations were never portrayed
c.
Only five subjects were allowed per group portrait portrayals
d.
Only guilds were allowed as subjects for group portraits
 

 14. 

In contrast to Caravaggio's Conversion of St. Paul, Rembrandt's Return of the Prodigal Son can be said to be which of the following?
a.
It was not opulent.
b.
It illustrated lofty theological ideals.
c.
It celebrated the celestial triumph of the Roman Catholic church.
d.
It was not quiet and inwardly directed.
 

 15. 

In Judith Leyster's Self-Portrait she portrays herself as a confident, accomplished painter, seated in front of her easel working yet taking time to stop work and meet the viewer's eye. Unlike Rembrandt she does not portray herself in a painter's smock. Which of the following would account for this?
a.
She wanted to demonstrate her ability to paint the textures of cloth.
b.
She wanted to show off her costume.
c.
She wanted to indicate her social prominence.
d.
Her vanity would not allow herself to be seen in the dull and dirty smock.
 

 16. 

Rubens has synthesized the styles of three Italian artists in his Elevation of the Cross. Which of the following are those three artists?
a.
Michelangelo, Tintoretto, and Caravaggio
b.
Leonardo, Titian, and Carracci
c.
Masaccio, Fra Angelico, and Mantegna
d.
Castagno, Piero della Francesca, and Uccello
 

 17. 

In Jan Steen's The Feast of St. Nicolas the artist has captured the joy and chaos of Christmas holidays. He has also added a subtle satirical jab at adult society by using children and their behaviors to mirror adult behaviors. Which of the following behaviors did Steen allude to in this painting?
a.
calm
b.
generosity
c.
selfishness
d.
greed
 

 18. 

Poussin was fascinated by ancient Rome and Italian Renaissance cultures. In his Et in Arcadia Ego that fascination has been translated into a visual text illustrating rational order and classicism. It is reminiscent of which of the following artists?
a.
Titian
b.
Tintoretto
c.
Michelangelo
d.
Raphael
 

 19. 

Which of the following artists was most closely associated with the style known as classical Baroque?
a.
Rubens
b.
Caravaggio
c.
Bernini
d.
Poussin
 

 20. 

Vermeer was known to have used which of the following tools?
a.
stencils
b.
camera obscura
c.
clip targets
d.
photo lens
 

 21. 

Jacob van Ruisdael specialized in which of the following genres?
a.
landscapes
b.
church interiors
c.
still life
d.
portraits
 

 22. 

What is the name of the specific style of Rococo painting that depicted the outdoor amusements and entertainments of the upper classes?
a.
fête galante
b.
pays bonheur
c.
sans souci
d.
fête de jour
 

 23. 

The Return from Cythera represents a group of lovers preparing to depart from the island of eternal youth. Watteau emphasized that elegance and grace using which of the following?
a.
form
b.
shape
c.
line
d.
color
 

 24. 

Vigée-Lebrun portrayed herself as a self-confident painter looking directly at the viewer (and pausing to return their gaze) this has been copied from an earlier artist. Which of the following is that artist?
a.
Artemisia Gentileschi
b.
Caravaggio
c.
Judith Leyster
d.
Vermeer
 

 25. 

Which of the following works functions as an "altarpiece" for the new civic religion of inspiring the viewer with the martyr's dedication to service?
a.
Death of Marat
b.
Death of General Wolfe
c.
Cornelia, Presenting Her Children as Her Treasures or Mother of the Gracchi
d.
Oath of the Horatii
 

 26. 

Neoclassicism invoked classical references of patriotism and trust in unshakable authority serving imperial agendas. Which of the following leaders embraced these aspects of Neoclassicism?
a.
Thomas Jefferson
b.
Napoleon
c.
George IV
d.
George Washington
 

 27. 

The Age of Enlightenment had its roots in which of the following centuries?
a.
early sixteenth century
b.
mid-sixteenth century
c.
seventeenth century
d.
eighteenth century
 

 28. 

Which of the following eighteenth-century philosophers stressed the importance of the natural goodness of human beings and was an important forerunner of the Romantic sensibility?
a.
Isaac Newton
b.
Voltaire
c.
John Locke
d.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau
 

 29. 

A leading advocate of the Enlightenment in France was which of the following?
a.
Louis XVI
b.
Voltaire
c.
Isaac Newton
d.
John Lock
 

 30. 

The artist whose work best spoke for the French Revolution was which of the following?
a.
Angelica Kauffmann
b.
Jacques-Louis David
c.
Honoré Fragonard
d.
Élizabeth Vigée-Lebrun
 

 31. 

The term "sublime" was considered to inspire which of the following feelings?
a.
heroic action
b.
sentimentality
c.
awe mixed with terror
d.
the natural goodness of all beings
 

 32. 

In Courbet's The Stonebreakers it has been said that he reveals to the viewer the drudgery of manual labor. What technique did he use to convey this message?
a.
use of a palette of dirty browns and grays
b.
use of soft pastels for the stones
c.
use of swirling, diagonal line
d.
use of bright color to highlight the labor
 

 33. 

Rosa Bonheur in her most famous work, The Horse Fair has depicted the power and strength of the Percherons. The dramatic lighting, loose brushwork, and rolling sky reveal her admiration for which of the following artists.
a.
Géricault
b.
Manet
c.
Courbet
d.
Millet
 

 34. 

The French viewing public were greatly horrified by Manet's Olympia not only because of the portrayal of a naked prostitute as a work of art but also due to which of the following?
a.
her look of coyness
b.
her look of pleasure
c.
her look of cool indifference and shamelessness
d.
her look of embarassment
 

 35. 

How did Bouguereau depict fictional themes or mythological subjects in his paintings?
a.
Through the use of polished illusionism
b.
Through the use of radical representation
c.
Through the use of rough techniques
d.
Through the use of non-traditional representation
 

 36. 

Muybridge used his device, the zoopraxiscope to project a series of images. Based on the motion studies he performed, Muybridge proved that the brain holds whatever the eye sees for a fraction of a second after the eye stops seeing it. The illusion of motion was created. Which of the following was also created as a result of the illusion of motion?
a.
the illusion of fractured change
b.
the reality of continuous change
c.
the illusion of broken change
d.
the illusion of continuous change
 

 37. 

In Rossetti's Beata Beatrix, the model for this image was the artist's wife, Elizabeth Siddal. She died shortly before Rossetti began the panting. He incorporated two symbols commemorating her death. Which of the following is one of those symbols?
a.
black dove
b.
white dove
c.
red dove
d.
blue dove
 

 38. 

Courbet preferred to paint which of the following themes?
a.
mythology in the Pompeian style
b.
the "beautiful" as defined by the Academy
c.
realistic scenes as he saw them
d.
scenes of suffering, pathos, and ecstasy
 

 39. 

Which of the following artists was most concerned with painting realistic scenes of poor and oppressed peoples?
a.
Courbet
b.
Eakins
c.
Bouguereau
d.
Bonheur
 

 40. 

Géricault's Raft of the Medusa represents which of the following?
a.
a Romantic dream image
b.
the aftermath of a nineteenth-century French shipwreck and was considered an attack on government ineptitude
c.
a piece of historical Romanticism related to the Greek war for independence
d.
the Gothic emphasis on terror and the sublime
 

 41. 

Which of the following artists painted in the United States?
a.
Friedrich
b.
Constable
c.
Turner
d.
Cole
 

 42. 

Timothy O'Sullivan documented which of the following wars?
a.
American Civil War
b.
War of Spanish Succession
c.
Crimean War
d.
Boer War
 

 43. 

Which of the following conditions is characteristic of the 19th century agrarian working class and is missing from the Haywain by Constable?
a.
love of the land
b.
civil unrest
c.
participation in home markets
d.
bondage to wealthy landowners
 

 44. 

Julia Margaret Cameron used a short focal length lens that allowed only a small area of sharp focus. What kind of effect would a lens like this produce?
a.
small, intimate images
b.
precise character studies
c.
ethereal, dreamlike images
d.
intense, psychological images
 

 45. 

In The Night Café, the artist has shown us a benign scene yet the scene has a sense of charged energy and oppressive atmosphere. How did the artist communicate this?
a.
Through use of a bar always a bad place
b.
Through us of vivid hues whose juxtaposition augmented their intensity
c.
Through use of soft color and tilted perspective
d.
Through use of the crowds create the tension
 

 46. 

Which of the following influenced Degas in his technique of using spatial projections and off-center empty space to create illusion and direct the viewer's attention into the picture?
a.
18th century Japanese woodblock prints
b.
16th century German woodcuts
c.
15th century German engravings
d.
Mughal miniatures
 

 47. 

The Burghers of Calais expresses the emotions of despair, defiance, and resignation. Rodin has captured these emotions in the roughly textured surfaces of the figures. He wanted the citizens of Calais to experience this heroic episode in their city's history. Which of the following was a device Rodin used to create the pathos of this heroism?
a.
no traditional high base placed the monument eye-to-eye and closer to the viewers
b.
small scale of images allows viewers a more intimate experience of this great moment
c.
carefully placing this monument in the city's center emphasized the heroism
d.
creating slender and elegant figures captured the historical moment
 

 48. 

Which of the following ideas did Vincent van Gogh attempt to communicate in his Starry Night?
a.
Stygian darkness of night
b.
birth of a galaxy
c.
vastness of the universe
d.
myopia of humanity
 

 49. 

Monet's Rouen Cathedral is a series that observed the same viewpoint during which of the following?
a.
different times of the day
b.
only at noon
c.
only at noon during winter
d.
from different elevations
 

 50. 

Extreme subjectivity and the need to see through reality to a deeper reality was most typical of which of the following styles?
a.
Impressionists
b.
Symbolists
c.
Neoclassicists
d.
Realists
 

 51. 

Which of the following artists is categorized as a Symbolist?
a.
Redon
b.
Cassatt
c.
Morisot
d.
Whistler
 

 52. 

Berthe Morisot focused her work in the only area allowed her as a woman in upper-class French society. Which of the following was that area?
a.
business world
b.
night life
c.
domestic scenes
d.
demimonde
 

 53. 

Which of the following artists explored the properties of light, plane, and color and their interrelationships?
a.
Gauguin
b.
Toulouse-Lautrec
c.
Cézanne
d.
van Gogh
 

 54. 

Who was a denizen of the night world of Paris, consorting with the tawdry population of entertainers, prostitutes and other social outcasts?
a.
Millais
b.
Toulouse-Lautrec
c.
Eakins
d.
Degas
 

 55. 

Who said: "Instead of trying to reproduce exactly what I have before my eyes, I use color more arbitrarily so as to express myself forcibly . . . I have tried to express the terrible passions of humanity by means of red and green . . ."?
a.
Monet
b.
Cézanne
c.
Seurat
d.
van Gogh
 

 56. 

Georges Seurat differed from the Impressionist painters in which of the following ways?
a.
His concern for the emotional qualities of color, which he depicted using broad, passionate brush strokes.
b.
His disciplined and painstaking application of the color theories of men like Delacroix, Helmholtz, and Chevreul.
c.
His return to Classical subject matter.
d.
His depiction of dream imagery using the visual techniques discovered by the Impressionists.
 

 57. 

Which of the following artists developed the theory of neoplasticism or the new pure plastic art?
a.
Picasso
b.
Chagall
c.
Mondrian
d.
Marc
 

 58. 

Which of the following works of art was melted down for ammunition by the Nazis in 1937?
a.
War Monument
b.
Bird in Space
c.
Unique Forms of Continuity in Space
d.
Column
 

 59. 

Which of the following artists created a modern American art style combining Synthetic Cubism with jazz tempos and his perception of the fast-paced American culture?
a.
Marsden Hartley
b.
Charles Demuth
c.
Georgia O'Keeffe
d.
Stuart Davis
 

 60. 

What style is described as compositions of shapes and forms abstracted from the conventionally conceived world?
a.
Fauvism
b.
Cubism
c.
De Styl
d.
Neoplasticism
 

 61. 

The Champs de Mars or The Red Tower by Robert Delaunay depicts which of the following structures?
a.
Eiffel Tower
b.
Tower of Babel
c.
Coit Tower
d.
Tatlin Tower
 

 62. 

Which of the following is executed in the Synthetic Cubist style?
a.
The Dance
b.
Fate of the Animals
c.
Demoiselles d'Avignon
d.
Still-Life with Chair-Caning
 

 63. 

Which of the following describes the focus of the Ashcan School?
a.
It focused on the horror of trench warfare in WW II.
b.
It focused on the hurley-burley activity of farm life.
c.
It focused on the bleak and seedy aspects of city life.
d.
It focused on the dynamism of the machine.
 

 64. 

What message is portrayed in Edward Hopper's Nighthawks?
a.
the pervasive loneliness of modern humans
b.
the seediness of city life
c.
the energetic rhythm of city life
d.
the cosmopolitan atmosphere of big city life
 

 65. 

Thomas Hart Benton, a Regionalist artist, focused his attention on which of the following subjects?
a.
Times Square, New York
b.
the waterfront
c.
the social history of Missouri
d.
the farming landscape of the Midwest
 

 66. 

Which of the following works demonstrates the Futurists' interest in motion?
a.
The City
b.
Dynamism of a Dog on a Leash
c.
Champs de Mars or The Red Tower
d.
The Portuguese
 

 67. 

Which of the following artists shared Stieglitz's concern to position photography as an art form with the same fine-art status as painting and sculpture?
a.
Dorothea Lange
b.
Georgia O'Keeffe
c.
Edward Hopper
d.
Edward Weston
 

 68. 

Her work is often described as autobiographical because of her unflinching self-portrait portrayals. She gives the viewer a personal glimpse into herself and suffering. Which of the following artists does this describe?
a.
Frida Kahlo
b.
Hannah Höch
c.
Georgia O'Keeffe
d.
Dorothea Lange
 

 69. 

Who is the artist who created a scathing visual commentary on the military with his Fit for Active Service?
a.
Picasso
b.
Marc
c.
Grosz
d.
Kandinsky
 

 70. 

Which of the Blaue Reiter artists found animals superior in beauty, strength, innocence, and naturalness?
a.
Wassily Kandinsky
b.
Paul Klee
c.
Emil Nolde
d.
Franz Marc
 

 71. 

Henry Moore's great series of reclining nudes is said to have been inspired by ____.
a.
an African ancestral figure
b.
a Chinese figure of Guanyin
c.
a pre-Columbian figure, the Chacmool
d.
a medieval representation of Mary Magdalene
 

 72. 

Who wrote, "All my life I have sought the essence of flight. Don't look for the mysteries. I give you pure joy. Look at the sculptures until you see them. Those nearest to God have seen them."
a.
Barlach
b.
Brancusi
c.
Hepworth
d.
Moore
 

 73. 

A nonobjective work refers to work that ____.
a.
has been abstracted from a natural object
b.
has no reference to the external appearance of the physical world
c.
is not considered objectionable by anyone
d.
has no material form but is merely conceived in the mind
 

 74. 

Who is the Surrealist?
a.
Salvador Dalí
b.
Jacob Lawrence
c.
Henri Matisse
d.
Pablo Picasso
 

 75. 

A painting that was done in reaction to World War I was ____.
a.
Ernst Kirchner's Street, Berlin
b.
Wassily Kandinsky's Improvisation 28
c.
Max Beckmann's Night
d.
Kurt Schwitters's Merz pictures
 

 76. 

Which of the following statements about Dada is true?
a.
Dada originated in Copenhagen
b.
All Dada works were created in marble
c.
The Dada artists were Marcel Duchamp, Pablo Picasso, and Kurt Schwitters
d.
Dada had no fixed ideas
 

 77. 

Who photographed the rural poor displaced by the Great Depression in the 1930s?
a.
Alfred Stieglitz
b.
Charles Sheeler
c.
Edward Weston
d.
Dorothea Lange
 

 78. 

Empty piazzas depicting mysterious figures were often painted by which of the following artists?
a.
Matisse
b.
Ernst
c.
De Chirico
d.
Kandinsky
 

 79. 

" . . . I believe in the future resolution of the states of dream and reality, in appearance so contradictory, in a sort of absolute reality, or surreality." This definition of Surrealism was written by ____.
a.
Guillaume Apollinaire
b.
Friedrich Nietzsche
c.
Salvador Dalí
d.
André Breton
 

 80. 

Which one of the following statements is not true?
a.
Titles of Surrealist works were intended to challenge the expectations of the viewer.
b.
The Surrealists considered dreams to be an area in which people could reengage their deeper selves that society had repressed.
c.
Surrealism ignored the ideas of psychoanalysis put forth by Jung and Freud.
d.
One of the leading proponents of Surrealism was Salvador Dalí.
 

 81. 

How did avant-garde artists go about challenging artistic convention?
a.
They sought innovative forms of expression.
b.
They did nothing; they relaxed in their avant-gardism.
c.
They advised a return to Renaissance traditions.
d.
They advised a return to classical traditions.
 

 82. 

What is the evidence of a Performance Art event?
a.
documentary photos of a rehearsed performance
b.
documentary photos at the time of the performance
c.
a script for a repeat performance
d.
a script and direction transformed into video
 

 83. 

Because of the spontaneous and informal nature of Performance Art, which of the following was the primary medium?
a.
the human body
b.
newsprint
c.
cheap paper
d.
cardboard
 

 84. 

Which of the following was the purpose of Performance Art?
a.
To challenge art's function as commodity
b.
To challenge art's function as art
c.
To challenge art's function
d.
To challenge art's function in the Post-Modern period
 

 85. 

How did museum commissions of performance events neutralize Performance Art?
a.
The commissions neutralized the purpose of art.
b.
The commissions made the events mundane.
c.
The commissions neutralized the subversiveness.
d.
The commissions nullified Performance Art.
 

 86. 

Which of the following describes Happenings?
a.
planned
b.
controlled
c.
individualized
d.
participatory
 

 87. 

Barbara Kruger's work takes on the slick design of contemporary advertising. Which of the following is her principal aim?
a.
To expose the deceptiveness of media messages
b.
To expose bad design
c.
To incorporate design and to sell her art
d.
To incorporate myths about women and to reinforce the design issues related to the myths
 

 88. 

Which of the following describes Kruger's photo-collages?
a.
They inform the "preciousness" of good small photo-collage.
b.
They challenge media markets to pursue good design.
c.
The indiscriminate use of words and photos creates bad design and her work is deemed critically unacceptable.
d.
They challenge cultural attitudes.
 

 89. 

Which of the following artists is best known for his large-scale portraits?
a.
Willem de Kooning
b.
Chuck Close
c.
Jackson Pollock
d.
Francis Bacon
 

 90. 

Color field painting emphasized painting's basic properties. Color field painters poured diluted paint onto unprimed canvas. Which of the following artists was a color field painter?
a.
Jasper Johns
b.
Jackson Pollock
c.
Helen Frankenthaler
d.
Barnett Newman
 

 91. 

When did the center of the Western art world shift from Europe to the United States?
a.
with the Armory Show of 1913
b.
during the 1920s
c.
during the 1940s
d.
during the 1960s
 

 92. 

What was the main focus of the work of the postwar New York School?
a.
life on the streets
b.
optical phenomena
c.
the act of painting itself
d.
Postmodern appropriation of early material
 

 93. 

The terms gestural abstraction and Action Painting are most appropriately applied to the work of ____.
a.
Jackson Pollock
b.
Robert Motherwell
c.
Ellsworth Kelly
d.
Barnett Newman
 

 94. 

The New York artist whose paintings became compositionally simple and focused on color was ____.
a.
Jackson Pollock
b.
Jean Dubuffet
c.
Mark Rothko
d.
Willem de Kooning
 

 95. 

Which of the following describes the work of Jackson Pollock.
a.
quiet and intense remaining true to conventional painting
b.
strictly organized adhering to conventional painting
c.
colorful remaining true to conventional painting
d.
significant departure from conventional painting
 

 96. 

How does Faith Ringgold address issues of gender and racism in her work?
a.
by creating clear and lucid oil paintings
b.
by using fabrics, traditionally associated with women and incisive narrative
c.
by using exotic subject matter to draw the viewer into her photo-collages
d.
by using wood, traditionally associated with men and incisive narrative
 

 97. 

Who was the sculptor who believed that "the only stable thing is movement"?
a.
Donald Judd
b.
David Smith
c.
Jean Tinguely
d.
Claes Oldenburg
 

 98. 

The work of ____ deals with the issue of who "controls the body".
a.
Judy Chicago
b.
Kiki Smith
c.
Jeff Koons
d.
Faith Ringgold
 

 99. 

Which of the following describes what artists working in the Post-Painterly Abstractionist style believed?
a.
Abstract Expressionists had gone too far in removing social references from works of art.
b.
Their works should contain no reference to the world outside their own compositions.
c.
They wanted to express religious feelings through simple forms.
d.
They were deeply influenced by the work of African and pre-Columbian cultures.
 

 100. 

Pop Art, and art that utilized the techniques of advertising, industrial design, and Hollywood movies were at their heights during which of the following decades?
a.
1950s
b.
1960s
c.
1970s
d.
1980s
 

 101. 

Cindy Sherman works in which medium representing the "male gaze"?
a.
sculpture
b.
acrylics
c.
video
d.
photography
 

 102. 

The work of Melvin Edwards is very evocative. He uses small found metal objects that he intertwines and welds together creating a haunting theme. Which of the following is that theme?
a.
lynching
b.
war
c.
assassination
d.
riots
 

 103. 

The work of Adrian Piper is provocative and confrontational. She announces in a video installation, "I'm black" What is her motivation with this pronouncement?
a.
She is announcing her pride in her heritage.
b.
She wants viewers to examine their behaviors and values.
c.
She wants viewers to examine her in this context.
d.
She wants acceptance and recognition as a Black artist.
 



 
Check Your Work     Start Over